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Construction recruitment agencies are becoming more and more demanding from candidates looking for a job in the industry as construction managers or something similar. This is mainly due to the fact that the concept of construction management, itself, has been changing significantly over the years. This evolution of construction management can be broken down into four main principles or school of thoughts. These are the classical approach, the human relations approach, systems approach and the contingency approach. Of these the classical approach, as you have probably figured out, is the older and the contingency is the latest. The following are details.

1.  The classical approach:
The classical approach can be further divided into three different models or systems. These are the scientific management, administrative management and the bureaucratic model. The scientific management approach is, basically, focused upon the improvement of the construction process to such an extent that maximum efficiency is achieved. The second method of administrative management looks at achieving perfection on the bases of organization. The system divides the whole construction process into five stages, namely forecast and plan, organize, command, coordinate and control. Finally, the bureaucratic model mainly deals with the structure of the team undertaking the project instead of the project itself.

2.  The human relations approach:
As is obvious, the human relations approach is directly related to the people employed in the construction project. This approach was put forth after a research on the condition of the staff of Western Electric Company in Chicago by one Elton Mayo. The results of the research revealed that a person is driven by social needs in that satisfaction comes from social relationship at the project as against the work itself. Furthermore, the work group influences a worker more than incentives or rewards. He concluded that a good manager should be able to satisfy the needs of his subordinates.

3.  The systems approach:
The systems approach came into being owing to the fast pace at which the economic, social and political environment changed in the world. The system approach sees a project as a cumulative result of multiple smaller projects and aims to improve the efficiency of the project by improving the interplay between the smaller projects inherent within it. Effectively, the central concern of construction recruitment agencies in those days was more the ability of a candidate to stay within a system than to be creative.

4.  The contingency approach:

This is the most recent and hence the most revolutionary approach when it comes to construction management. This approach, basically, allows for greater freedom to a construction manager in that he should be able to incorporate all of the above approaches on the basis of the specific situation. In different terms, neither of the above three approaches are comprehensive in nature which is why they need to be combined and used as and when required on the basis of the specific environment that the project is placed in. Resultantly, construction recruitment agencies of today try to find candidates who are adaptable and flexible in nature.

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